Dr Sunil Prakash, best nephrologist in Delhi, India says diet plays an important part in the management of kidney disease. A balance is made in keeping you healthy as well as avoid excess protein load on your tiring kidneys.
In early stage (pre-dialysis stage ) protein requirement is 0.6gm/kg body weight.
An Average Indian weights around 50kg.It means 30 – 35grams of first-class dietary proteins can be had every day.
However patient on dialysis need 1.2 – 1.3gm/kg body weight, high biological value proteins,e.g. eggs, chicken, meat, fish, paneer/milk products, soybean, and pulses.
Potassium has to be restricted in the diet; it is present in high amount in fruits, nuts and green vegetable potassium can be removed from the vegetables by leeching.
To reduce sodium content in the diet, do not add salt during cooking or on the table.
- Cakes, pastries, biscuits, squash.
- Papads, pickles, salted chips, nuts, popcorns.
- Commercial soft drinks and proprietary drinks.(They are high in sodium/potassium)
- Dried foods like fish, fruits; readymade soups and canned foods.
Foods which could be eaten freely
(Low in protein and potassium and high in calories)
Sugar, arrowroot, sago preparation, unsalted butter, refined flour, rice preparation, vegetable oil. Vegetables especially after leaching.
As a patient of CKD, your recommended diet will change over time, depending on how much kidney functions you have and the renal replacement therapy you are on. The hospital dietician will explain the changes you need to make in your diet and help you choose the rights food.