About Renal Replacement Therapy

Once it is determined that renal replacement therapy will be required,the patient(alonge with his physician)should consider the advantages and disadvantages of three types of therapy.

  1. Hemodialysis (in the hospital or at Home)
  2. Peritoneal dialysis at home.(CAPD) and
  3. Renal Transplantation(living donor or deceased organ donor, also called cadaveric donor)

Renal replacement therapies are treatments for severe kidney failure (also called stage V chronic kidney disease or end stage renal disease). When the kidneys are no longer working effectively, waste products and fluid buildup in the blood. Dialysis takes over a portion of the function of the failing kidneys to remove the fluid and waste products.
It is typically needed when about 90% or more of kidney function is lost.