Kidney disorders are largely categorized into acute kidney injury and chronic kidney diseases.
Acute kidney injury is the sudden impairment happened to the kidneys. Usually, the cases are short-term based, but, in rare cases, the condition may last longer. The chief causes of acute kidney injury are:
- damage to the definite kidney tissue triggered by a severe infection, drug or radioactive dye
- Blockage in urination due to kidney stones or an enlarged prostate, for example.
- According to the best Nephrologist in Delhi, India chronic kidney disease can also contribute to the risk of acute kidney injury.
On the other hand, chronic kidney disease occurs over several years of malfunctioning of the organ. Sometimes, it can lead to End-Stage Kidney Disease for which a patient is kept on dialysis or else suggested for a kidney transplant to live an active life. There are different factors that contribute to chronic kidney disease, these include:
- Damaged blood vessels to the kidneys because of medical conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes
- Outbreaks of the kidney tissue due to a certain disease or weak immune system (glomerulonephritis)
- Progressing or growing cysts on the kidney, known as polycystic kidney disease)
- Destruction due to reverse flow of urine back into the kidneys. The condition is called reflux nephropathy.
- Congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract.
According to healthcare professionals, if any time a person experiences or observes the signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease (CKD), it is best to consult the best Nephrologist in Delhi, India as soon as possible to prevent the condition from getting worse. Early diagnose and treatment of CKD can lower the risk of end-stage kidney failure. Knowing the body and consulting the kidney specialist in Delhi, India is the best way to prevent severe kidney disorders in the future. The conditions may include:
- Blood in urine
- Kidney stones
- Protein in urine
- Acute kidney injury
- Kidney infection